Esp32 Spiffs Directory

I am trying to use the example below to hook up an ESP-01 but cannot find the "ESP8266_Lib. SPIFFS com ESP32. ESP-WROOM-02 Module has the FCC results for IOT modules in the industry. There are sample programs included in the sketch data directory, and hence uploaded to the ESP32 using Tool/ESP32 lists the SPIFFS file system showing all file. ini file is located in the root-path of the firmware directory. 1 core then make sure you are using the visual micro update from here because it is not in the gallery yet. ESP32 is a series of low cost, low power system on a chip microcontrollers with integrated Wi-Fi and dual-mode Bluetooth. NodeMcu and Arduino IDE. 1 to read it. 0) also break out pins 9 and 11. The base idea come from the ESPTemplateProcessor library. All the official examples of Mesh lights, ESP32-Camera and ESP-WHO that presents a preliminary version of face recognition are built on the top of the IDF. Technology goes ahead exponentially with each year whether we do something or not. GPIO16 is now supported in Espruino. I can copy it to another computer, and I will be able to get to work immediately, without having to worry about do the setup manually. This example demonstrates. 3″ OLED display and a 10Hz GNSS receiver, plus our well developed Arduino sketches and libraries. h: No such file or directory, mong bạn có thể post thư viện này lên vì mình đã tìm nhiều trang mà k giải quyết đc lỗi này!. August 18, 2016, 7:03am #1. Unless otherwise specified, it will run to the end of the flash (excluding the 16k of space reserved by the SDK). maximum_size=1966080 (or whatever partition size you defined for the app0 and app1 partitions) Reflash your board over USB/Serial. In the IDE, for ESP-12E that has 4M flash, I can choose 4M (1M SPIFFS) or 4M (3M SPIFFS). Totally separate memory from code – that was the point of this article and not to store the HTML in the code, but in the dedicated local filing system. Por este motivo tiene ciertas «simplificaciones» respecto a un sistema de ficheros como el que estamos habituado. As I started to read what was available in the way of documentation from the excellent community surrounding the device, I found that there were only small pockets of knowledge. It's the sane setup with the data folder then click "vMicro>Publish Server Data Files (spiffs)" If you are using the latest esp 2. Introduction The ESP8266EX offers a complete and self-contained Wi-Fi SoC solution. The substance of AC_File_FS (fs) is a SPIFFS file system implemented by the ESP8266/ESP32 core, and then AutoConnect uses the Global Instance SPIFFS to access SPIFFS. They are now available on Seeed and Banggood. 4 preview 5 of VisualGDB into Visual Studio 2017. ESP32 Flash Download Tool Tutorial The ESP32 Flash Download Tool, just like the ESP8266 download tool, is the official Espressif Download tool that runs on Windows platform. NodeMCU is an eLua based firmware for the ESP8266 WiFi SOC from Espressif. Totally separate memory from code - that was the point of this article and not to store the HTML in the code, but in the dedicated local filing system. This trial was a direct comparison with the ESP32 as shown in TN057. MicroPython on ESP32 with SPIRAM support. txt file is? I can't seem to find where the boards I have installed are located. exists("[FilePath]") return false whether or not the file was included in the /data directory. Wifi connection and configuration manager for ESP8266 and ESP32. The entire solution takes up the least amount of printed circuit board area. Just download and unzip the file to the tools directory. 2 # Create empty directory. h that I would still like to re-use on the ESP32 platform. In other words, it "remembers" its settings: the working directory, chosen port, board, etc. Here is how to do from scratch. Por este motivo tiene ciertas «simplificaciones» respecto a un sistema de ficheros como el que estamos habituado. Create a directory named data and any files you want in the file system there. In the video I demonstrate using the WiFi Manager library for ESP32 in the Arduino IDE as well as the SPIFFS file system for the ESP32. ESP8266 and ESP32 flash memory. An SD card is a non-volatile memory card used extensively in portable devices, such as mobile phones, digital cameras, GPS navigation devices, handheld consoles, and tablet computers. openFile functions return a File object. open function. It must be called before calling fileName and openFile functions. esp32由内置天线开关、射频巴伦、功率放大器、低噪声接收放大器、滤波器和电源管理模块高度集成。 esp32专为移动设备、可穿戴电子设备和物联网应用而设计,通过节能功能实现超低功耗,包括精细分辨率时钟门控、多种功率模式和动态功率调节。. Most of them contain an 128x64pixel OLED display. I updated the post (the SPIFFS was the original size while I had made space to make it bigger) and added a menu option for 7MB SPIFFS. 株式会社SOCINNOが提供する「IoT電子工作 スマートリモコン製作キット」は基礎からWi-Fi利用、クラウド接続まで順を追って丁寧に解説されている秀逸な教材である。. What is the reason for that?. next() returns true while there are files in the directory to iterate over. h which does all the hard work. py --chip esp32 --port /dev/ttyUSB0 --baud 921600 write_flash 0x111000 img. Hôm nay xin chia sẻ với các bạn cách điều khiển thiết bị bằng smartphone, ngoài ra ta còn có thể quan sát/ giám sát được thông tin dữ liệu, các thông số như nhiệt độ, độ ẩm môi trường theo thời gian thông qua smartphone của mình. You can verify if the partition was correctly mounted with:. Composes a string with the same text that would be printed if format was used on printf, but instead of being printed, the content is stored as a C string in the buffer pointed by str. 6 float版本 烧录工具ESP8266Flasher,ESPFlashDownloadTool都试过. ESP32 is a series of low cost, low power system on a chip microcontrollers with integrated Wi-Fi and dual-mode Bluetooth. I have turned off the 'Auto Format' feature in the code so I can ensure that This is the line I am using to make the SPIFFS file mkspiffs -c. In other words, it "remembers" its settings: the working directory, chosen port, board, etc. Hoping to bring EverythingESP into one location for News, Tutorials, and user Projects. Hello I am RichardS from ESP8266. I am trying to use the example below to hook up an ESP-01 but cannot find the "ESP8266_Lib. If you don’t mind code which is a little bit rough around the edges you can start experimenting with the code for the color weather station. In case you missed it, the big news is that a minimal Arduino core is up and working on the ESP32. This board is used with 2. If you want to store small data, you can use SPIFFS instead of sdcard module. Among other things it is the firmware I am familiar with on my existing RADDS board. Why? Well exposure… get seen by 50,000 followers. There are sample programs included in the sketch data directory, and hence uploaded to the ESP32 using Tool/ESP32 lists the SPIFFS file system showing all file. name=ESP32 Dev Module. 4 GHz dual-mode Wi-Fi and Bluetooth chips by TSMC 40nm low power technology, power and. Spiffs is designed with following characteristics in mind: Small (embedded) targets, sparse RAM without heap. Errormessage says SPIFFS was not declared in this. For the details please follow to Over-the-Air (OTA) update. It works with the U8x8 librray, but I have a lot of previous code from other platforms using Adafruit_SSD1306. Trying to use these pins as IOs will likely cause the program to crash. These are connected through to the CP2104 USB-to-Serial converter so they should not be connected to or used unless you're super sure you want to because you will also be getting the USB traffic on these!. Então, neste artigo e no vídeo abaixo vou tratar de um exemplo básico de programação OTA (Over The Air) no ESP32 e mostro também como adaptar o mesmo projeto para o ESP8266 com uma pequena mudança no código. Post by water » Wed Feb 14, 2018 8:58 pm I success connected ESP-WROOM-32 via mpfshell, Micropython is "ESP32_LoBo_v3. Update 02/09/2017: See our follow-up blog post, "Secure over-the-air updates for ESP32". but the problem is, SPIFFS doesn't work anymore. When it receives a POST request, it sends a status 200 (OK) back to the client to start receiving the file, and then write it to the SPIFFS. SPIFFS lets you do that. next() returns true while there are files in the directory to iterate over. 63 Save typed text in pulldown history for rapid re-entry. Whereas SPIFFS will return files in "subdirectories" when you traverse a Dir::next() (because they really aren't subdirs but simply files with "/"s in their names), LittleFS will only return files in the specific subdirectory. The problem is finding the correct code to compile, i have it wired the same way as your site and the parts are from your company, with DHT22 as the sensor. 0, Bluetooth Smart), and nearly 30 I/O pins. At GitHub, we’re building the text editor we’ve always wanted: hackable to the core, but approachable on the first day without ever touching a config file. md file in the example directory for more information. Download the pip installer and place it in a folder (not desktop). 9 No such file or directory by mkseven32. This algorithm is not the best one out there, but what is being shown here is the ability to port it elsewhere and easily integrate these complex models with micro-controllers (ESP8266) and other devices. After adding the upload_port line, the command "platformio run -target upload" will now try to upload the firmware to the ESP8266 that owns the IP address mentioned, instead of trying to update the ESP8266 through USB. compline success after delete your ESP32_BLE_Arduino lib. It must be called before calling fileName and openFile functions. Integrated antenna and RF balun, power amplifier, low-noise amplifiers, filters, and power management module. Similar to the way you would open a file: using fopen from stdio. Arduino core for the ESP32に付属のスケッチ例(SPIFFS_Test. August 18, 2016, 7:03am #1. I've tried renaming the ESP library I have and changing the name in the sketch with no success. but the problem is, SPIFFS doesn't work anymore. h: Parameters for the ESP32 WiFi netdev interface include freertos event_groups. Also dc42 is pretty much the maintainer of it, which is why I was happy to see him saying that the ESP32 should work. I was able to see an arduino led thing pretty easily. h" library anywhere. Por este motivo tiene ciertas «simplificaciones» respecto a un sistema de ficheros como el que estamos habituado. A list of the 2351 libraries registered in the Arduino Library Manager. ESP32_BLE_Arduino. md file in the example directory for more information. Connect Your ESP8266 To Any Available Wi-Fi network. Just download and unzip the file to the tools directory. Please check existing Issues before opening a new one. ESP32 Unleashed Create a new project In this article, I'll show you how to start a new PlatformIO project, configure it, add some simple C++ code that calls on the Arduino framework, compile it, and upload it to your ESP32 dev board. Great! Does Espruino support SPIFFS file system now on ESP8266/ESP32 ?. 9 No such file or directory by mkseven32. My ESP32 dev board finally came so I am getting back to this. Mongoose OS quick start quide. Can you tell me where this boards. After the brief overview of Esp32, its time to setup the arduino for ESP32 and run some sample examples. #193 Comparison of 10 ESP32 ESP8266 Web Server Files With SPIFFS. 799 likes · 3 talking about this. OK, I Understand. txt file is? I can't seem to find where the boards I have installed are located. I hadn't touched C programming in decades (I'm a Java man these days). - Fixes mounting of OTA flash when there is no SPIFFS. 4 of them are reserved, so 4 more are available to rotate the EEPROM contents. Hoping to bring EverythingESP into one location for News, Tutorials, and user Projects. maximum_size=1310720 to xxx. Introduction 1. It adds a menu item to Tools menu for uploading the contents of sketch data directory into ESP8266 flash file system. Search form. Other minor spiffs updates to ensure that all required properties are available for either usb or network spiffs. Optimization purposes, when traversing a file system with SPIFFS_readdir a normal SPIFFS_open would need to traverse the filesystem again to find the file, whilst SPIFFS_open. It's often used as part of a "suggestive selling" program which does increase sales. But, managing the IP settings and user credentials can be a headache to the user. Ciao ragazzi Cosa ne pensate???? Qualcuno li ha mai provati? Dario ci sono incompatibilità con souliss? LoRa SX1278 ESP32 0. ffat 1429504 Listing directory: which nicely fixes the short hangs I was. With the same speed engineers work hard to reduce the size of every electronic device or component and loose most of the wiring. The ESP32 series employs a Tensilica Xtensa LX6 microprocessor in both dual-core and single-core variations and includes in-built antenna switches, RF balun, power amplifier, low-noise receive amplifier, filters, and power-management modules. Breadboard friendly, it provides an ideal way into programming WiFi applications while having much lower power consumption and heat than the more modern ESP32. Everything that you need to compile the project is stored inside the project directory. Remember that GPIO6 through GPIO11 are used for the external flash chip and are therefore not available. The ESP32 LoRa 1-CH Gateway combines an ESP32 -- a. 7 ¶ You can easily add your owned web pages that can consist of representative HTML elements and invoke them from the menu. jpg" being stored in the sub-folder "/jpegs/", but a file named "jpegs/5. Hello I am RichardS from ESP8266. I tried the following code. How do you get a device with no keyboard or display to connect with your local WiFi?. The platformio. NodeMcu and Arduino IDE. If it does not exist in your. openFile functions return a File object. Esse nosso programa foi desenvolvido na linguagem C do Arduino IDE. Mình làm theo hướng dẫn trên thì gặp lỗi này ESP8266WiFi. See README. - Memoria interna del ESP32. Mongoose OS Documentation and User Guide. ESP32 - JPEGDecoder from SPIFFS. 0, Bluetooth Smart), and nearly 30 I/O pins. I can also use the esptool. Although it can be used directly, many of its features can be accessed via VFS using C standard library and POSIX APIs. The mode to write to a file is "w". It search Arduino’s lib and then esp32’s lib. This page is to Setup and Config ESP32 Hardware and Software. Including cup winning varieties, very good prices. Hoje vamos falar um pouco sobre o ESP8266, um microcontrolador da Espressif System, que possui capacidade de comunicação por WiFi. Where does my flash go? I have observed a case when ESP. I tried moving D00 to gnd or 3. I'm trying to set up OMG on an ESP32. The tests were performed using a DFRobot’s ESP32 module integrated in a ESP32 development board. Introduction 1. You can find the modules by searching for "ESP32" and "sx1276". Hoping to bring EverythingESP into one location for News, Tutorials, and user Projects. openFile functions return a File object. GitHub is home to over 36 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together. 2014-2019 PlatformIO. Connect Your ESP8266 To Any Available Wi-Fi network. NodeMcu and Arduino IDE. Hoping to bring EverythingESP into one location for News, Tutorials, and user Projects. 이 디렉토리는 해당 디렉토리 내의 파일 중 10 개를 처리합니다. Now the fun starts J Connect to the “RGB Clock” Wi-Fi network, open a browser and connect to 192. txt will create a file called tmp/myfile. Creating a file with path tmp/myfile. A list of the 2351 libraries registered in the Arduino Library Manager. Confused by USB-C? So are we, and so is the Raspberry Pi 4. Using ESP8266 SPIFFS: IntroductionDid you know each ESP8266 allows you to partition the system flash such that you can use it to store both code and support a file system?This filing system can be used to store infrequently changing data such as; web pages, configurati. An SD card is a non-volatile memory card used extensively in portable devices, such as mobile phones, digital cameras, GPS navigation devices, handheld consoles, and tablet computers. Introduction 1. what happens with the file object of an open file if i call SPIFFS. ESP8266 and ESP32 were born with native WiFi connection paired with effective libraries to support developers. If you want to compile your own binary, do not use the latest Arduino ESP32 core, it has a SPIFFS bug and your ESP32 will not boot! To go the easy route, just use the prebuild binary: Download this zip package and unpack to your local drive (windows only) Two cmd files are available, one to flash using serial and one to flash using OTA. It is kind of a boon for the IoT projects. ESP32 is a series of low-cost, low-power system on a chip microcontrollers with integrated Wi-Fi and dual-mode Bluetooth. Then run: python. It is not a real time stack. Marijuana Seeds – Quality Dutch marijuana seeds, easy to use site. •Open the console and go to Arduino directory. Hi! If it is not absolutely required by your application to use a library, you can just use the header file and source code from the library directory. what happens with the file object of an open file if i call SPIFFS. 在创建 spiffs映像创建 directory目录不闪烁至 ESP32. The ESP8266 (and Arduino) SPIFFS file system can be used to store files from a Web server as well as data files (using the ESP8266 as a data acquisition system, for example). - Limit log file size to 48KB. lucadentella. I'm building a test http server application using the ESP-IDF on my ESP32 and learning C whilst I'm doing it. 或者执行: make flashfs. The ESP32 series employs a Tensilica Xtensa LX6 microprocessor in both dual-core and single-core variations and includes in-built antenna switches, RF balun, power amplifier, low-noise receive amplifier, filters, and power management modules. They provide wireless communications and Wi-Fi chips which are widely used in mobile devices and the Internet of Things applications. See the README. I have turned off the 'Auto Format' feature in the code so I can ensure that This is the line I am using to make the SPIFFS file mkspiffs -c. Note that some boards and modules (ESP-12ED, NodeMCU 1. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. FatFs library resides in fatfs component. Please note though that it uploads all the files in the data directory but it removes everything that is on there already. Make sure you have selected a board, port, and closed Serial Monitor. This is stored in a chunk of 32K (16K for single-processor) of memory that can’t be used for general purposes anymore. If you have not installed it already install the arduino-esp8266fs-plugin or arduino-esp32fs-plugin. This example initializes and mounts SPIFFS partition, and writes and reads data from it using POSIX and C library APIs. We will start with installing the Google Cloud tool and linking it to our project. 2 or higher from Arduino's library manager). File object. It's the sane setup with the data folder then click "vMicro>Publish Server Data Files (spiffs)" If you are using the latest esp 2. Optimization purposes, when traversing a file system with SPIFFS_readdir a normal SPIFFS_open would need to traverse the filesystem again to find the file, whilst SPIFFS_open. In this esp32 tutorial we will check how to format the SPIFFS file system of the ESP32, using the Arduino core. Let's look at each one in some detail. Index of serial the flash s04e16. Tech Note 086 - Uploading Files to an ESP32/ESP8266 the next will be file Deletion, then Streaming a file and then a Directory function. We can’t wait to see what you build with it. Annex WiFi RDS Help Version 1. exists("[FilePath]") return false whether or not the file was included in the /data directory. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. next() returns true while there are files in the directory to iterate over. It supports JSON serialization, JSON deserialization, MessagePack, streams, and fixed memory allocation. I have been trying to create and load files on the esp32, as explained in unit 3 of module 12 (SP32 SPIFFS (SPI Flash File System). All Libraries. Everything that you need to compile the project is stored inside the project directory. ESP-WROOM-02 Module has the FCC results for IOT modules in the industry. com: HiLetgo New Version ESP8266 NodeMCU LUA CP2102 ESP-12E Internet WiFi Development Board Open Source Serial Wireless Module Works Great with Arduino IDE/Micropython: Computers & Accessories. This is an open-source Arduino development kit working as a GPS data logger and tracker. They are available in the "Examples" menu of the Arduino IDE. Listing directory: / - failed to open directory. ESP-IDF uses FatFs library to work with FAT filesystems. We will not go further on SPIFFS storage in this article, a dedicated tutorial will be devoted to it. This section describs the supported peripherals and how they have to be configured. در مورد nodemcu بر پایه esp32 لطفا آموزش راه اندازی برد اینترنت اشیاء NodeMCU تراشه ESP32 در آردوینو را مطالعه بفرمایید. All the ESP8266 boards I've seen come with on-board flash, which is persistant storage you can access for both reading and writing. Here is a naive attempt at predicting a particular stock’s price and displaying it on a ESP8266. It must be called before calling fileName and openFile functions. Freematics Builder is a fully self-contained utility which integrates all the toolchains, Arduino cores and libraries for easily uploading Arduino sketches or pre-compiled binaries to one of common AVR based Arduino boards as well as ESP8266 and ESP32 variants. open and dir. ota-http-server: Done, hash. The entire solution takes up the least amount of printed circuit board area. In some Arduino applications, it is advantageous to be able to store and retrieve information locally. I updated the post (the SPIFFS was the original size while I had made space to make it bigger) and added a menu option for 7MB SPIFFS. no such file or directory. Like the 8266, the ESP32 is a WiFi-compatible microcontroller, but to that it adds support for Bluetooth low-energy (i. The CSV format is the same format as printed in the summaries shown above. Open a command terminal, create a project directory and make that the active directory. ESP32 is a series of low cost, low power system on a chip microcontrollers with integrated Wi-Fi and dual-mode Bluetooth. I'm building a test http server application using the ESP-IDF on my ESP32 and learning C whilst I'm doing it. Please check existing Issues before opening a new one. If it does not exist in your. Hi! If it is not absolutely required by your application to use a library, you can just use the header file and source code from the library directory. GPIO16 is now supported in Espruino. 61 added Wifi status button. NodeMCU is an eLua based firmware for the ESP8266 WiFi SOC from Espressif. They are stored in the ESP32 file system: SPIFFS. I hadn't touched C programming in decades (I'm a Java man these days). it is intended that transcoding. ESP32, Arduino, NodeMCU and ESP8266 This page is to Setup and Config Digispark EEPROM Internal This example is eeprom_anything. FatFs library resides in fatfs component. Technology goes ahead exponentially with each year whether we do something or not. ESP8266 and ESP32 were born with native WiFi connection paired with effective libraries to support developers. 2014-2019 PlatformIO. Hello i've try to decode JPG image from FS so, i create and upload spiffs image (using /data directory and Arduino Ide Plugin ). در مورد nodemcu بر پایه esp32 لطفا آموزش راه اندازی برد اینترنت اشیاء NodeMCU تراشه ESP32 در آردوینو را مطالعه بفرمایید. Mongoose OS quick start quide. The firmware is based on the Espressif NON-OS SDK and uses a file system based on spiffs. Therefore, the program will answer requests in the form GET looking for the resource in the SPIFFS partition and, if found, sending its content using the netconn_write() method: Bonus, mDNS. ARM mbed is a registered trademark of ARM Ltd. File object. Be notified of new releases. Previously worked on 16. This library has built in support for SPIFFS, which is what drew me to it in the first place. Change current directory (and drive). Using the SD library to create and remove files on a SD card. The RX pin is the input into the module and is 5V compliant (there is a level shifter on this pin). - Makes ap-retrigger() private. 2 or higher from Arduino's library manager). The entire solution takes up the least amount of printed circuit board area. How do you get a device with no keyboard or display to connect with your local WiFi?. All the official examples of Mesh lights, ESP32-Camera and ESP-WHO that presents a preliminary version of face recognition are built on the top of the IDF. In this esp32 tutorial we will check how to format the SPIFFS file system of the ESP32, using the Arduino core. Can you tell me where this boards. A 12-minute guide to turn your device into a mobile-controllable, updatable, remotely manageable, secure, configurable product. It is very easy to access the SPIFFS file system from the Arduino code via the FS. In this tutorial we upload a text file and read it in serial monitor. Better option than syncing node_modules directory because modules installed via install/uninstall load much faster; Version 20190619. I cannot get a text display when using the Adafruit_SSD1306 library. All Libraries. Optimization purposes, when traversing a file system with SPIFFS_readdir a normal SPIFFS_open would need to traverse the filesystem again to find the file, whilst SPIFFS_open. compline success after delete your ESP32_BLE_Arduino lib. Copy the files to be included on spiffs into components/spiffs_image/image/ directory. Therefore, the program will answer requests in the form GET looking for the resource in the SPIFFS partition and, if found, sending its content using the netconn_write() method: Bonus, mDNS. I was able to see an arduino led thing pretty easily. It it as version 0. Breadboard friendly, it provides an ideal way into programming WiFi applications while having much lower power consumption and heat than the more modern ESP32. Compile-time configuration macros for ESP32 modules Shared functionality for CoRE Resource Directory endpoints RIOT integration of SPIFFS. open from the library FS. FAT Filesystem Support¶. This MakerHawk ESP8266 NodeMCU board is beautifully made and functionally perfect. For integration with Cloud IoT, it relies on Google’s gcloud command line tool. The code repository consists of 98. Mình làm theo hướng dẫn trên thì gặp lỗi này ESP8266WiFi. 96 Pollice Blu Display OLED Bluetooth WIFI Lora Kit 32 Modulo Internet Scheda di Sviluppo per Arduino W/Antenna. Have also filed the pull request at espressif, all detailed in the edited lead post. ESPUI is a simple library to make a web user interface for your projects using the ESP8266 or the ESP32 It uses web sockets and lets you create, control, and update elements on your GUI through multiple devices like phones and tablets. In this tutorial we upload a text file and read it in serial monitor. If it does not exist in your. (ESP Exceptions and SPIFFS upload) Polling the libraries directory every few seconds so that. Tried to use SPIFFS. exists("[FilePath]") return false whether or not the file was included in the /data directory. Mongoose OS Documentation and User Guide. FatFs library resides in fatfs component. We can’t wait to see what you build with it. ESP32 Web Server using SPIFFS (SPI Flash File System randomnerdtutorials. Wifi connection and configuration manager for ESP8266 and ESP32. csv file should then be saved in the project directory. It search Arduino's lib and then esp32's lib. exists(“[FilePath]”) return false whether or not the file was included in the /data directory. An example of using SPIFFS is provided in the storage/spiffs directory. 디렉토리의 이름을 바꾸려고 시도한 결과, espresiif \ ESP32 디렉토리가 시스템 프로세스 PID : 4에 의해 잠겨 있음을 발견했습니다. In this esp32 tutorial we will check how to format the SPIFFS file system of the ESP32, using the Arduino core. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: