Animal Cell Model Project For School

Animal Cell Analogy to Richland High School. You can make a model cell with things from around your house, or you can buy a few simple items to create a fun, educational project. Inform groups they will be making two cells — one plant and one animal cell. Recently, our 4th graders created projects to show and understand the parts of plant and animal cells. Plant and Animal Cells - this 20-page. Using food is one of my favorite ways to encourage a love of learning in your kids. I'm and A+ student in Science (super happy) and anyway, we need to do a 3D Cell Model. Core Concepts • Each cell is covered by a membrane that. The animals. All forms of life, from simple bacteria to human beings, are made up of cells. In this activity you will be examining prepared slides of an onion root tip to identify cells that are dividing. A cell model is a 3-dimensional structure showing the parts of a plant or an animal cell. May be done as two large groups, or a whole class project. Science Fair Project Ideas. He has to make a 3D cell model, either a basic plant or animal cell will do, including all the basic organelles that a 5th grader would learn. 49 per month. If you are interested in knowing more about how she made this model of an animal cell I will share the details with you. Unfortunately, he waited until the last minute to complete. The majority of the lessons were designed for high school science teachers, but we have many middle school lesson plans. Your students will be excited about the project and can be creative while making the cell model accurate at the same time. This voyage inside the human cell reveals an amazing world of cell communication between the cell nucleus, endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria and more. You have already chose an everyday object which has a similar function (or use) as each cell structure. Diagrams from Enchanted Learning. Essential Question: How do cells function? (Cell Structure and Function) By Sid Lucas. They also have the similar organelles. SCHOOL or TOWN VIDEO PROJECT - make a video on your school or town's history or present HOW-TO VIDEO PROJECT - create a how-to video to teach how to do something you know how to do well ANIMAL PROJECT - Write a 5 page report on an animal, a model and a poster. 2 Differences between plant cell and animal cell Plant cell 1. It was a great way to assess children's knowledge and understanding of the associated vocabulary. Included are examples of three types of cells: animal, plant, and bacteria. The blank animal cell pages in the printable pack will be super helpful, too! It will be fun to create the animal cell diagram to reproduce and learn from. Green's students and their projects. _____ Animal Cell _____ Plant Cell Cell Project Rubric Accurately Displayed on Cell Accurately Listed on Key Accurate Definitions or Functions Comments cytoplasm nucleus vacuole mitochondria cell membrane chloroplasts (plant cell only) cell wall (plant cell only) extra credit parts Neatness. From previous labs, I remember that the cells were pushed together completely; each cell fitted beside another cell perfectly and so on. This article lists still life ideas for teachers or students who are stuck or in need of inspiration. Chromosomes The Centrioles isnt related to anything but plays an important part in cell division ribosomes cell membrane golgi Apparatus Cell analogy project, school comparison the cell wall protects the cell like gates to a school the flagella doesnt relate to anything but it. 3-D Cell Model Project (100 points) Project Assigned: (Plant Cell) or (Animal cell) Project Due: thFebruary 10, 2016 Objective: By making a 3-D model of the cell, the student will become aware of the various organelles and structures, which make up a plant or animal cell. Plant And Animal Cell. Plasma Membrane 9. These cells are almost similar in all the organisms ranging from microbes to plants and animals. I found lots of FREE printables, worksheets, fun websites and activities to learn about Animal Classification and the Animal Kingdom! Animal Classification Printables:. Its complicated features, I can say, will make students confused. Getting ready: A. Animal cells are the basic unit of life in organisms of the kingdom Animalia. This is when you make a 3-dimensional model of the parts of a cell. Traditionally this origami jumping frog is known to be as a Chinese version of origami jumping frog. Animal Cell Project Ideas the functions of different parts of cells. until the last minute to complete or print your project. Plastids present. Choose either a plant or animal cell. This makes it easier for the substances to move around inside a cell, gives cells their shapes, and helps keep the structures inside a cell organized. The cell wall is composed of molecules such as cellulose. Cytoskeleton. A feature of a recent software implementation I was on included SLAP (senior leadership approval process). Learn how to introduce the cell and its components, how to compare and contrast plant and animal cells, and tips for constructing a winning cell model. Making an animal cell model with pizza was one of our family favorite activities in homeschooling. Label the following diagram of mitosis of an animal cell. Return to cell model page. The rod cells in the retina of the eye, for instance, look like no other cell in the human body. Here I use a typical origami paper to fold this model, but it would be better to use a little thicker paper if you want to make the frog to jump. Whether you are doing high school biology or elementary health, making a pizza model of a cell is fun. Match the items on the right to the items on the left. There are many ways this fun school science project can be done. Unlabeled Animal Cell Diagram. Learn how to introduce the cell and its components, how to compare and contrast plant and animal cells, and tips for constructing a winning cell model. An animal cell is on average 100 times smaller than a millimeter, or the head of a small pin. Lysosome 6. When this model is. RETURN to CELL DIAGRAM. Savannah's Project. An example of diffusion in gases occurs when a bottle of perfume is opened at the front of a room. Cell is the basic functional and fundamental unit of life through which the structure and interactions of the life cycle work. Objectives Students compare and contrast the structures of plants and animals. plant cell model project animal cell project ideas image search results plant cell project ideas shoe box nt. After a great response to our top list science projects for junior classes, we are now publishing our latest list of Easy Electronics Projects for Small Students. The student will investigate the structure and function of plant and animal cells. Working with a game designer from Institute of Play at my school, we created a valuable cell model in Minecraft that could mimic the real properties of a cell, and the real interactions between a cell membrane and the different chemicals used to extract DNA, which students could experiment with in the game. These cells are almost similar in all the organisms ranging from microbes to plants and animals. Center for Animal Resources and Education (CARE) is responsible for the care and use of all animals used in research, teaching, and testing. Cellulose cell wall present external to cell membrane. Mitochondria 7. Creativity and Neatness count in this project. Cells are very, very, very small. Our third grade writing program requires each student to complete an animal research paper. Here are just some of the projects created by the students. Who doesn't like eating and learning?. Watch your favorite Discovery Channel shows and find bonus content on all things science, technology, nature, and more at Discovery. com and you'll have all. Besides the animal cell, the plant cell is also included, but on this occasion, we will figure out how to create a cell model for the animal. Life: Levels of Organization, Cell Structure & Function, Major Processes for Fueling Life’s Activity. 20 Science Experiments for Middle School Students Science projects can be a lot of fun, even if you aren’t a science whiz. To demonstrate your knowledge of plant and animal cells you are to construct a model that adheres to the following guidelines. Animal Cell Project Ideas the functions of different parts of cells. Cell Choice Board Choose 4 projects to complete. Why do we think of the cell as a system? Attach this rubric to your assignment. I appreciate this wouldn't work as well for something that you wanted to be spherical with a c. Outlined project and gathered materials. Scientists soon realized that the planetary model was an inaccurate description of atomic structure. Mitochondria Converts chemical energy of food into compounds THE CELL CAN USE for energy-Power. Mitochondria 7. You are encouraged to use this information as a starting point to create your own idea for a project or science fair. -Project should be creative & neatly put together- -10 Pts. ANIMAL CELL. The size of each organelle must be in proportion of each other as they are in the cell. Instruct them to wait before putting the cells together until you can explain the procedure. Cells in a multicelled creature, such as a human or cat, also dump wastes outside those cells, but like the trash can or dumpster outside my house/apartment, those wastes must be carted away. There are many types of cells. May be done as two large groups, or a whole class project. It is up to you to choose to model a plant or animal cell. Animal cell model is required for class project and group project. This device is also called a voltaic cell. Cells Vocabulary List & Definitions Term Definition Tissue The mass of like cells in an animal or plant body, esp. In this activity, student groups investigate individual cell structures for both plant and animal cells. Discover the awesome world of biology for kids with our range of fun experiments, free games, cool science fair projects, challenging quizzes, interesting facts, amazing videos, worksheets and more! Learn about bacteria, cells, cloning, famous biologists and all kinds of interesting biology topics. Use our special 'Click to Print' button to send only the image to your printer. CELL CITY INTRODUCTION! Floating around in the cytoplasm are small structures called. Plant cells differ from other eukaryotic cells because the organelles present are different. The Incredible Cell Project You will be required to construct a model of a plant OR animal cell. The animal cell structure is the most prominent in human cheek cells. Late projects are assessed 10%. You will present your project in the class, so make sure you understand your model and how the various cell organelles work. This idea works best for science project ideas like solar system, photosynthesis, global warming, etc. In animal cells, peroxisomes contain enzymes that metabolize lipids and alcohol. Project Paradigm is a national private foundation headquartered in Los Angeles. My guide has you covered from mitochondria to. Illustrate the systems of a working cell in terms of the systems of the real world. Interactive Model. Each page of your book should contain the following: name of the structure glued on. " On Sunday evening, he finally got serious and after I looked at his outline, I realized perhaps he should've started earlier. My son had to make this edible plant cell for a classroom project in science and he kindly let me know on a Tuesday that this was due on Friday! YIKES!. Can't find your project? Make a Model of Plant or Animal cell. Students build a 9 M X 9 M model of an animal or plant cell with cell organelles inside it and give cell tours to Life Science students. Plant And Animal Cell. They contain chlorophyl that traps light energy from the sun. Additionally, you can easily change the cell layout to cell only, cell and description, or cell, title and description. Animal cells are eukaryotic cells or cells with a membrane-bound nucleus. If you’re looking for a delicious way to identify the parts of a cell, you’ll love this Edible Cell Project made with chocolate chip cookie dough, icing, and fondant! Not only are edible cells fun science projects to do with your student (or to have several students do together), but they’re. but the nucleus is in the center of the cell. Visualize a cell's parts with this sturdy soft foam model. Gycocalyces help animal cells stick to each other and protect cells from dehydration. (Sample items: cereal, balloons, gummi worms. You are eligible for a full refund if no ShippingPass-eligible orders have been placed. This projects lets the student make an edible, 3-D model of an animal cell. You need to identify the different parts of a typical animal cell and relate the parts to the functions. Cells hold a variety of pieces and each cell has a different set of functions. Life-cycles vary in time depending on the species of animal, and can be as short as just a few weeks for insects, to up to 200 years for. You have already chose an everyday object which has a similar function (or use) as each cell structure. Whether you are doing high school biology or elementary health, making a pizza model of a cell is fun. GOLGI BODIES modifies, stores, sorts & secretes the cells chemical products. If you build an animal cell instead of a plant cell, then you can leave off the cell wall and chloroplasts but you must include. Food For Thought: Building a cell you can eat! 1. (Sample items: cereal, balloons, gummi worms. Free two-day shipping for hundreds of thousands of items on orders of $35+ or free same-day store pick-up, plus free and easy returns. Literature connections. Its complicated features, I can say, will make students confused. In addition to having a nucleus, animal cells also contain other membrane-bound organelles, or tiny cellular structures, that carry out specific functions necessary for normal cellular operation. May be done as two large groups, or a whole class project. We are available to assist you Monday-Friday 8:00am - 4:30pm EST. Plant cell. Use a pie or baking pan for the exterior, gelatin for the cytoplasm, and whatever you can find for the nucleus and organelles such as mitochondria, ribosomes and the endoplasmic reticulum. Instruct them to wait before putting the cells together until you can explain the procedure. Teacher Page: This project can be done as a two day, or on-going project. Vacuoles are usually large. You can study cell structures using a dynamic and realistic virtual model. Animal cells are eukaryotic cells or cells with a membrane-bound nucleus. Lysosome 6. Model is of extremely poor quality Key/Labels Includes a correctly spelled key or labels for all cell parts No more than one cell part is misspelled Two or three cell parts are misspelled Four to six cell parts are misspelled More than six cell parts are misspelled or key/label is missing 3-D Model is completely 3-dimensional and all parts can. The onion skin cell, an example of a plant cell, generally has a rigid, rectangular shape. All cells come from existing cells, which carry chemical instructions to make new copies of themselves. You can make a model cell with things from around your house, or you can buy a few simple items to create a fun, educational project. All models must be made out of materials that will not spoil. The student only used 2 visuals. Chloroplasts Chloroplasts are the place where photosynthesis takes place. The animal cell structure is the most prominent in human cheek cells. Why do you think so? The cell membrane controls what goes into and out of the cell as the city limits. EVPP 110 Lecture Dr. Penn Vet is renown for its research and many of our faculty collaborate across the University of Pennsylvania and the world on groundbreaking projects. The Galvanic cell is made using 2 different types of metal. Pick a light colored flavor (lime for plants, strawberry for animals). Eukaryotic cells - have a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles. If you build an animal cell instead of a plant cell, then you can leave off the cell wall and chloroplasts but you must include. In this free Spongelab science game, players use drag and drop tools to build an animal cell and learn about cell structure, organelles, and DNA. Instruct them to wait before putting the cells together until you can explain the procedure. Animal Cell Instructions: Color all organelles different colors, cut them out, glue them into your cell, and label them with the correct organelle name. All biological cells require the transport of materials across the plasma membrane into and out of the cell. Unlike other eukaryotes, however, plant cells have retained a significant feature of their prokaryote ancestry, a rigid cell wall surrounding the plasma membrane. create 3-D models of plant and animal cells. Vacuoles tend to be large in plant cells and play several roles: storing nutrients and waste products, helping increase cell size during growth, and even acting much like lysosomes of animal cells. See more ideas about Cell model project, 3d animal cell project and 3d cell model. What Are the Materials Needed to Make an Animal Cell Model? Make an edible animal cell model using Jell-O and a variety of different candies such as M&M'S, gumdrops and gummy worms. In this activity you will be examining prepared slides of an onion root tip to identify cells that are dividing. You must use at least 5 organelles in your descriptions, and your comparisons must show how the parts of a cell and the parts of a school perform similar functions. We found a pretty decent picture of an animal cell model to go by and then went shopping for candy! Animal Cell Model Using Candy. There are trillions of cells in the animal body and each one is different depending on its function and type. The onion root tip is an area of rapidly dividing cells. If project is completed by this date, project may be stored in classroom for presentation and grading on due date listed above. You will present your project in the class, so make sure you understand your model and how the various cell organelles work. When models are used, the scientists are able to notice patterns and develop and revise representation that become a useful model, which makes their scientific knowledge stronger and helps them understand more about the nature of science. Assessments. They loved doing such an open ended task and using their imaginations. com for Every Day Low Prices. - You may create a power point presentation with photographs of your cell, parts labeled and explained on different slides. We do not recommend using Plaster Cloth for body casts as it may irritate skin. How to Make an Animal Cell for a Science Project. " On Sunday evening, he finally got serious and after I looked at his outline, I realized perhaps he should've started earlier. Get an answer for 'What is a cell analogy to school? golgi body, nucleus, mitochondria, ribosomes, endoplasmic reticulum, vesicles, vacuoles, lysosmes, cell walls, and chloroplasts' and find. LYSOSOMES responsible for intracellular digestion. Get Started. Creating a cell project for school is an ideal way to help students understand how each cell and its components carry out the functions of life. We baked two grain-free vanilla round cakes the night before we assembled our animal cell replica. Unfortunately, he waited until the last minute to complete. Cell Analogy Model Instructions Due Date: _____ Create an analogy for a cell. Some cells move throughout the body, like blood cells. The new extended standards can be found on this webpage. Make a 3D model of a cell. Cells Alive! Animal Cells Cell Inspector. And what I have on the right, this should be indicative of a plant cell. Using household items make a three-dimensional model of a plant or animal cell that meets the criteria listed below. No need to purchase materials for this project. Bake the cake mix according to package directions. from $822 with platform 3,000 lb capacity Digital scale legal for trade click on the photo. The list provides a range of activities, lesson ideas, background information, practical tips and suggested teaching strategies for looking at cells, tissues and organ systems at KS3. Guidelines: - You may choose to turn the project in early. Product availability and store hours may vary. Animal cells are found within every animal. The carting away of these wastes is accomplished in my body by the circulatory system in conjunction with the excretory system. OPTION TWO: 3-D Model of a Plant or Animal Cell Make a three dimensional model of a plant or animal cell. OPTION TWO: 3-D Model of a Plant or Animal Cell Make a three dimensional model of a plant or animal cell. However, once you are in middle school, the old volcano eruption project just doesn’t cut it. Making an edible plant cell project might sound like a time consuming project to take on at first, but they are easy to make. To attain a grade of. If you’re looking for a delicious way to identify the parts of a cell, you’ll love this Edible Cell Project made with chocolate chip cookie dough, icing, and fondant! Not only are edible cells fun science projects to do with your student (or to have several students do together), but they’re. 3-D Plaster Relief Cells: This is a fun, albeit messy way for students to make cell models. _____ Animal Cell _____ Plant Cell Cell Project Rubric Accurately Displayed on Cell Accurately Listed on Key Accurate Definitions or Functions Comments cytoplasm nucleus vacuole mitochondria cell membrane chloroplasts (plant cell only) cell wall (plant cell only) extra credit parts Neatness. These fields are integrated into this program in order to introduce students to selected topics in eukaryotic cell biology. Nucleus: The nucleus is the "control center" for the cell. Chloroplasts Chloroplasts are the place where photosynthesis takes place. Cells are complex entities that keep changing their form and blending with other cells. Featuring blank diagrams of an animal cell and a plant cell, plus plenty of space for labels and notes, it's perfect for use as a study aid, quick quiz, homework assignment, or biology test. Plant cells differ from other eukaryotic cells because the organelles present are different. Below are the organelles required to be included in your model: Plant Cell Animal Cell Cell Membrane Cell Membrane Nucleus Nucleus Cytoplasm Cytoplasm Mitochondria Mitochondria. Below are some suggested analogies for city structures. Animal Cell Structure – Exploring Various Animal Cell Organelles. Cell Theory and Cell Function [7th grade] Day 15: Projects due large class model of the plant and animal cell. Some of the worksheets displayed are Plant and animal cells, Cell ebrate science without work, Cells alive, Comparing plant and animal cells, Plant and animal cells, Animal cell, Lesson life science plant animal cell functions, Animal and plant cells work. The Golgi apparatus or Golgi complex is found in the Cytoplasm it is a flattened, layered sac-like organelle that takes proteins and carbohydrates and modifies and packages them. Plant cell walls are designed for the process of photosynthesis. Find a digital picture of your object and write an analogy to show the similarity between the cell part and the everyday object. Its hundreds of hands-on exhibits are designed to promote science discovery. One of our favorite hands on Science activity so far has been making Jell-O Animal Cells. All edible materials must remain fresh at least 3 days without refrigeration. The collection includes tried and true favourites that have been used by Art teachers for generations, as well as more unusual and contemporary still life topics. Make a 3D model of a cell. Cells Alive! Animal Cells Cell Inspector. All forms of life, from simple bacteria to human beings, are made up of cells. Introduction. Protista Kingdom of Life. If you're looking for a delicious way to identify the parts of a cell, you'll love this Edible Cell Project made with chocolate chip cookie dough, icing, and fondant! Not only are edible cells fun science projects to do with your student (or to have several students do together), but they're. Animal(s): Mouse Research field(s): Anatomy and development, Biochemistry, Bones and muscles, Brain and nervous system, Cancer research, Cell biology, Disease characteristics, Drugs and toxins, Endocrinology (hormones), Evolution and environment, Genetics, Heart, lung and circulation, Infection and Immunity, Medical technologies, Psychology and behaviour. I decided to make an animal cell cake. PowerPoint which introduces plant and animal cell parts and their functions. To build a model of the. The cytoplasm is a jelly-like substance, where chemical reactions happen 3. These systems each carry out specific duties, whose functions effect the proper functioning of the larger structure. Basic Structure of the Cell A cell is a small packet or bag of liquid. (b) All cells arise from pre-existing cells. Here is a diagram of a typical animal cell: Animal cells come in all kinds of shapes and sizes but have the same basic features. Understand Bulge of Earth using a working model School Science Projects. Outlined project and gathered materials. Shop Walmart. There are trillions of cells in the animal body and each one is different depending on its function and type. The new extended standards can be found on this webpage. Not sure how to begin this project? You'll find step-by-step instructions to bake a delicious, scientifically-accurate animal cell cake below. Answers: Animal Cell Anatomy Label Me! Printout Label the animal cell diagram using the attached glossary of animal cell terms. In the future they may be used to replace cells and tissues that have been damaged or lost due to disease. Animal adaptation doesn’t happen immediately – it’s taken many years of new generations of animals being born with characteristics that have suited their habitat better. Can't find your project? Make a Model of Plant or Animal cell. How to Make An Animal Cell Cake. Free Animal Cell clipart featuring hand drawn illustrations for teachers and educators. If you build an animal cell instead of a plant cell, then you can leave off the cell wall and chloroplasts but you must include. Jello 3-D Animal Cell Craft More Crafts. Its complicated features, I can say, will make students confused. The explanation has been simplified and the summary questions have been expanded. Project: Each child will need to pick an animal of their choice and research the animal, its habitat and what that animal needs to do to survive. Science Fair Project Ideas. If project is completed by this date, project may be stored in classroom for presentation and grading on due date listed above. school reference - hallways *passageway that continues to move proteins throughout the cell *makes lipids *breaks down toxic material *both animal and plant cells. Shop Walmart. Most animal cells have at. A Cell Study Guide. animal cell model 5th grade, animal cell project ideas, animal cell model labeled, 3d animal cell model, animal cell model project, cell project ideas high school #animalcellmodel #schoolproject #science See more. All the parts of the plant cell are interrelated and crucial for carrying out the biochemical processes that assist in the healthy growth of plants. These projects were developed by graduate and undergraduate students at Cornell University, collaborating with middle and high school teachers through the National Science Foundation's GK-12 Fellowship Program. plant cell or an animal cell. Lysosomes are membrane-enclosed bodies in plant and animal cells that contain enzymes responsible for digesting substances within the cell. The majority of the lessons were designed for high school science teachers, but we have many middle school lesson plans. picture of the structure glued on. Three-dimensional models—especially edible ones—are a fun and easy way to learn about animal cells. Edible Animal Cell Model. VACUOLE “bubble” for storage. (Note: This is a great kids activity to use of the extra Halloween candy!). " On Sunday evening, he finally got serious and after I looked at his outline, I realized perhaps he should've started earlier. ANIMAL CELL. Learning objectives: As a result of this activity, participants will be able to: •1. Eugene Redmond, Jr. Mitochondria 7. centriole - during cell division in animal cells, two pairs of centrioles form from. Cells are complex structures that contain a entire systems inside. Label the Cells Flash. 3D Animal Cell Model Project Rubric General Project Guidelines: Total Points Proper heading on project (name, date, class, & period) 4 Project submitted on due date ----- Project materials are not made from perishable foods 2 Project Design: Model width no greater than 30 cm (frisbee) 4. Objectives Students compare and contrast the structures of plants and animals. And what I have on the right, this should be indicative of a plant cell. This device is also called a voltaic cell. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Animal(s): Mouse Research field(s): Anatomy and development, Biochemistry, Bones and muscles, Brain and nervous system, Cancer research, Cell biology, Disease characteristics, Drugs and toxins, Endocrinology (hormones), Evolution and environment, Genetics, Heart, lung and circulation, Infection and Immunity, Medical technologies, Psychology and behaviour. Nucleus: The nucleus is the "control center" for the cell. This means it needs to. Choose your cell type and start modeling a cool, scientific project with fun and easy-to-use materials! Suggested tools for building: straightedge, scissors and hobby knife. The Galvanic cell is made using 2 different types of metal. (Project List B #1) Directions: You are to make a 3D model of the Solar System. Nuclear Membrane- layer of 2 membranes that surrounds the nucleus of the cell. Exceptions? Ostrich egg is the largest cell. Additionally, a tactile exploratory exercise is presented to reinforce knowledge acquisition. First, students use colored pencils to shade in a cell diagram. Featuring blank diagrams of an animal cell and a plant cell, plus plenty of space for labels and notes, it's perfect for use as a study aid, quick quiz, homework assignment, or biology test. 3) New cells arise only from other living cells by the process of cell division. Location: Cells. Penn Vet is renown for its research and many of our faculty collaborate across the University of Pennsylvania and the world on groundbreaking projects. Illustrate the systems of a working cell in terms of the systems of the real world. You will likely begin considering your DNP project as soon as you enter your doctoral program and work toward its completion throughout your entire time in school. Anyway, on a cellular level, plant and animal cells are actually pretty similar. A Cell Is Like A High School. You may label each organelle or create a key. When they finish, each cell will be about the size of a baseball. The projects are categorized by their difficulty. Animal 3D models. It was discovered by Luigi Galvani in 1780. organelles. Most animal cells have at. What others are saying animal cell model 5th grade, animal cell project ideas, animal cell model labeled, 3d animal cell model, animal cell model project, cell project ideas high school #animalcellmodel #schoolproject #science. The Office of Training & Workforce Development (OTWD) and the Office of Programs to Enhance Neuroscience Workforce Diversity (OPEN) support the training of students (high school, undergraduate and graduate), postdoctoral fellows, clinician-scientists, and faculty across NINDS research areas. If so, you know that no matter how hard you try, there is a limit to the amount you can cram in, which means if you have more stuff, you need a bigger suitcase! Do you think the same principle applies to DNA in a cell? Does an animal with a bigger genome need a larger cell nucleus to store its DNA? Try this science project and find out! Read more. No need to purchase materials for this project. Created with CAST's UDL Book Builder. Most cells are very small. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: